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History of Traditional Chinese Medicine


The handing down of medical writings from the Asian continent to Japan first started from the 6th to 7th century during the Kamakura and Nambokucho Eras telling of the Song Dynasty’s medical writings which brought about the spread of “medical subject” to the general public.  The first medical writing was published in Japan in the Muromachi Era. 
In the latter of the Muromachi Era and in the Azuchi-Momoyama Era people such as Dosan Manase (曲直瀬道三) actively spread the study of medicine, and it was before the Edo Period that it was called the “posterity school”, and it had been the main way of thought.  After that, the “old school” of thought was spread that had been based on the Treatise on Cold Damage Disorders (Chinese: Shang Han Lun [伤寒论], Japanese: Shokanron [傷寒論]).  Following that there would be a huge influence felt over the Japanese Traditional Chinese Medicine.  The Life Force Theory had also been established during this period.
In the latter part of the Edo period the classic literature was organized, and the School of Historical Investigation that sought to objectively unravel them had become the center of it all.
During the Meiji Era and due to westernization, the concern of Traditional Chinese Medicine began to fade. 
Then, when Showa came, Traditional Chinese Medicine gradually began to attract attention, not only as one part of modern medicine, but also with the exhibiting effects as a result of a combination with western medicine.

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